Products

  • 0
  • 0

Is Magnesium Diboride MgB2 a Superconductor?

The European Commission has submitted to member states a new draft of sanctions against Russia, including an oil embargo. Some member states that rely heavily on Russian energy sought exemptions.  

Western media reported that the European Commission draft of the sixth round of sanctions against Russia includes within six to eight months gradually banning oil imports from Russia, but allowing Hungary and Slovakia to extend the transition period for several months; The Russian Savings bank and other large financial institutions on the sanctions list.  

The European Union has imported 44 billion euros of fossil fuels from Russia since Russia launched its special military operation against Ukraine in late February, according to Finland's Energy and Clean Air Research Center.  

The Institute for European and Global Economics in Brussels estimates that the European Union currently consumes about $450 million worth of Russian oil a day.  

Among EU members, landlocked Hungary and Slovakia, which import most of their oil from Russia, cannot quickly find alternative supplies.  Slovakia says the transition will take years.  Some officials believe Bulgaria and the Czech Republic may also seek to opt out of oil sanctions against Russia.

Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk MgB2 powder are still very uncertain.

Introduction to Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Magnesium diboride or magnesium boride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula MgB2. It is a dark gray, insoluble solid. 
The compound is of interest because it becomes superconducting at 39 K (-234 °C). In terms of its composition, MgB2 is significantly different from most low-temperature superconductors, which are mainly transition metals. The superconductivity mechanism is mainly described by BCS theory.
 
Is Magnesium Diboride MgB2 a Superconductor?
The superconducting properties of magnesium diboride were discovered in 2001.
Its critical temperature (Tc) is 39 K (-234°C; -389°F), which is the highest among conventional superconductors. This is unusual in conventional (phonon-mediated) superconductors.  Its electronic structure allows for the existence of two distinct types of electrons at the Fermi level, one of which (sigma-bonding) is more superconducting than the other (Pi-bonding).  This contradicts the usual phonon-mediated superconductivity theory, which assumes that all electrons behave in the same way. The theoretical understanding of MgB2 characteristics can be almost realized by modeling two energy gaps.
In 2001, it was thought to act more like a metal than a cuprate superconductor. 
 

Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder Properties
Other Names magnesium boride powder, MgB2
CAS No. 12007-25-9
Compound Formula MgB2
Molecular Weight 45.927
Appearance gray to black powder
Melting Point 830°C
Boiling Point N/A
Density 2.57g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 46.003653

 

Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder CAS 12007-25-9

 
Related Elements of MgB2:
Boron:
Boron (atomic symbol: B, atomic number:5) is a p-block element of group 13 of period 2, with an atomic weight of 10.81. Each boron layer has 2,3 electrons, and its electron configuration is [He] 2s2, 2p1. The boron atom has a radius of 90pm, and the van der Waals radius is 192pm. Boron is classified as a metal-like substance that does not naturally occur on Earth. The element boron, along with carbon and nitrogen, is one of the few elements in the periodic table known to form stable triple bond compounds. The bandgap of boron ranges from 1.50 to 1.56 eV, which is higher than that of silicon and germanium.
 
Magnesium:
Magnesium (atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12) is the second group S element of period 3, with an atomic mass of 24.3050. The shell electron number of magnesium is [2,8,2] and the electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2. The radius of the magnesium atom is 160pm, and the van der Waals radius is 173pm. Magnesium is the eighth-most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common on the entire planet. Elemental Magnesium In its elemental form, magnesium has a shiny gray metallic appearance and is a very reactive substance. It can be found in minerals such as brucite, carnallite, dolomite, magnesite, olivine, and talc. Commercially, magnesium is mainly used in the manufacture of strong and light aluminum-magnesium alloys, which have many advantages in industrial applications.
 
Main Supplier of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality magnesium boride MgB2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
 

Since the beginning of this year, China's macro policies have made continuous efforts to stabilize economic growth. America and Europe are raising interest rates to control inflation. On March the European Central Bank left its three key interest rates unchanged and began to scale back its asset-purchase programme. Then the Federal Reserve raised the target range of the federal funds rate by 25 basis points to 0.25%-0.5%. The accelerated tightening of monetary policies in the US and Europe pushed capital back to the US and increased interest rates, which will definitely increase the risk of RMB depreciation and capital outflow. The price and market of the MgB2 powder will also be affected, resulting in a range of fluctuations. You are welcome to contact us for the latest quotation of MgB2 powder.

Inquery us

Our Latest Products

High Purity Copper Oxide CuO powder CAS 1317-38-0, 99.9%

Guotai Junan released a research report saying that under the background of carbon neutrality, the scarcity of coal mines is prominent, and the value of assets will continue to increase. The high point of capital expenditure in the coal industry appe…

High Purity Colloidal Gold Nano Gold Solution CAS 7440-57-5

About Colloidal Gold Nano Gold Solution:Colloidal gold benefits:Nanogold is made by using high purity gold as raw material, through a special new processing technology to make gold particle size of 15nm or less, greatly improve the inherent character…

CAS 1592-23-0 Calcium Stearate Powder

A recent poll in Britain found that public support for sanctions against Russia is falling as fuel and prices rise. The proportion of people willing to accept higher fuel prices as a result of western sanctions against Russia fell 14 percentage poin…