Introduction of Bhutanese Culture and Facts
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country located in southern Asia on the southern slope of the eastern Himalayas. The country borders China to the north, northeast, and northwest, and the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal to the west and south.
Bhutan is geopolitically located in South Asia and is the second least populous country in the region after the Maldives. Thimphu is its capital and largest city and Phuntsholing is its financial center.
The country's landscape ranges from the lush subtropical plains in the south to the subalpine Himalayas north, where peaks exceed 7,000 meters (23,000 feet). Gangkhar Puensum is the highest peak in Bhutan and possibly the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. Bhutan's wildlife is known for its diversity.
Bhutan's political system has recently changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck transferred most of his executive powers to the Council of Cabinet Ministers and allowed a two-thirds majority in the National Assembly to impeach the king.
Bhutan is divided into 20 districts and governed by a Dzongkhag Tshogdu. In some districts (city municipalities), another municipality is directly subordinate to the Dzongkhag administration. In most constituencies, rural constituencies (village districts) are administered by bodies called Geog Tshogde (constituency districts).
In South Asia, Bhutan ranked first for economic freedom, ease of doing business, and peace. It was the least corrupt country in 2016. However, Bhutan is still the least developed country. Hydropower accounts for a significant share of its exports.
Bhutan maintains diplomatic relations with 52 countries and the European Union but has no formal relations with the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. It is a member of the United Nations, SAARC, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Economic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement. The Royal Bhutanese Army maintains close relations with the Indian Armed Forces. Bhutan is also known for pioneering the concept of gross national happiness.
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