Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal Lithium-ion batteries prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
Lithium-ion batteries have become hotspots in energy research due to their higher energy density, long service life, and smaller volume compared with lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, and other batteries, and no memory effect. One. The negative electrode material is one of the critical components of lithium-ion batteries. It acts as the acceptor of lithium ions and realizes the insertion and extraction of lithium ions during the charging and discharging process. Therefore, the quality of the negative electrode material directly affects the overall performance of the lithium-ion battery. Graphite and modified graphite are widely used as anode materials for commercial lithium-ion batteries. Still, their theoretical capacity is only 372mAh/g, which significantly restricts the development of high-energy power batteries. Group IV element (silicon, germanium, tin)-based anode materials have become a research hotspot for next-generation lithium-ion batteries due to their high theoretical capacities (3579mAh/g, 1600mAh/g, 994mAh/g, respectively). However, silicon, germanium, and tin-based anode materials have the problem of significant volume expansion during the charging and discharging process. Long-term charging and discharging will cause the pulverization of particles and the shedding of active materials, thus affecting the cycle stability of lithium-ion batteries.
In recent years, the advanced lithium-ion battery team led by Han Weiqiang, a researcher at the Institute of New Energy Technology affiliated with the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has made a series of progress in high-capacity silicon, germanium, and tin-based anode materials. In terms of high-performance silicon-based anode materials, researchers have developed a low-cost, high-capacity, and high-stability porous silicon-based anode material technology. By carbon coating, the porous silicon, the performance of the silicon-based negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries is further improved. The capacity retention rate of the silicon-carbon composite electrode material was 86.8% after 300 charge-discharge cycles. Related research has applied for Chinese invention patents (201410150747.5, 201410276413.2), and the research results were published in NanoEnergy (2015, 11, 490-499) in the form of Communication.
Based on the previous work, the team synthesized and prepared a series of new phase MSn5 (M=Fe, Co, Fe0.5Co0.5) alloy nano-anode materials using the wet chemical method of improving polyols. The synthesized FeSn5 alloy nanoparticles have a theoretical capacity of 929mAhg-1 when used as a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries, which is the material with the highest theoretical specific capacity among the reported M-Sn (M is an electrochemically inert metal) alloy. The researchers prepared a series of Fe0.5Co0.5Sn5 new phase alloy nanoparticles with a 30-50nm particle size range, which further expanded the Co-Fe-Sn phase diagram. Related achievements have applied for invention patents (2013104705134, 201310706760X, 2103715406A). At the same time, the charge-discharge mechanism was deeply discussed and explained by in-situ XAFS, in-situ XRD, and electrochemical test methods. The research on the electrochemical mechanism of this series of tin-based new phase alloy anode materials provides effective theoretical guidance for the team's subsequent development of high-performance tin-based anode materials. Relevant results were published in JournalofMaterialsChemistryA (2015, 3(13):7170-7178) and ACS Appl.Mater.Interfaces (2015,7,7912-7919).
The team has also made progress in the research and development of long-life titanium-based anode materials, applying for an invention patent (201310685139. X), and the relevant results were published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry (2014(2), 10599-10606).
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Europe has been facing the gas shortage problem since the second half of 2021. The worsening situation in Russia and Ukraine has reduced Russian gas shipments to Europe, leading to a doubling of European gas prices. Energy shortages have sent electricity prices soaring. For these reasons, it is predicted that the price of the Lithium-ion batteries will continue to increase.
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